Fundamental analysis forex: Introduction to Fundamental Analysis



Understanding the resulting impact of the actual figure in relation to the forecasted figure is the most important part. While it’s important to know the numerical value of an indicator, equally as important is the market’s expectation of that value. As a result, the value of the U.S. dollar will likely increase against other currencies with lesser demand.

Such indicators are catalysts for the largest price and volume movements. For example, when the U.S. dollar is weak, inflation is often one of the most-watched indicators. You’re aware of the scheduled economic releases and events, but you can also identify and use the various technical tools and patterns that market players focus on. When a piece of economic data is released, fundamental analysis provides insight into how price action “should” or may react to a certain economic event. Significant revisions between reports can be caused by weather changes, which in turn can cause volatility in the nation’s currency. Now, as we move on to study its practical applications, we’ll examine the use of fundamental analysis in the form of a dialogue between a successful trader, and a beginner, which we’ll denote as ST, and B.


Later on in the course, you will learn which economic data points tend to drive currency prices, and why they do so. BlackBull Markets is a reliable and well-respected trading platform that provides its customers with high-quality access to a wide range of asset groups. The broker is headquartered in New Zealand which explains why it has flown under the radar for a few years but it is a great broker that is now building a global following. The BlackBull Markets site is intuitive and easy to use, making it an ideal choice for beginners.

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Sign up for a demo account to hone your strategies in a risk-free environment. There’s no way of knowing 100% where a currency pair will go because of some new fundamental data. Fundamental analysis is a valuable tool in estimating the future conditions of an economy, but not so much for predicting currency price direction. The release of this data to the public often changes the economic landscape , creating a reaction from investors and speculators.


The CPI measures change in the prices of consumer goods across over 200 different categories. This report, when compared to a nation’s exports, can be used to see if a country is making or losing money on its products and services. Be careful, however, to monitor the exports — it is a popular focus with many traders because the prices of exports often change relative to a currency’s strength or weakness. To be able to use fundamental analysis, it is essential to understand how economic, financial, and political news will impact currency exchange rates. Be informed about the economic indicators that are capturing most of the market’s attention at any given time.

As the economy gets better, raising interest rates may be needed to control growth and inflation. Using supply and demand as an indicator of where price could be headed is easy. The hard part is analyzing all of the factors that affect supply and demand. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. 75.2% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. Traders will price assets based on their value today and prospects for future growth.

These reports are released at scheduled times, providing the market with an indication of whether a nation’s economy has improved or declined. These reports’ effects are comparable to how earnings reports, SEC filings, and other releases may affect securities. In forex, as in the stock market, any deviation from the norm can cause large price and volume movements. Economic indicators are reports released by the government or a private organization that details a country’s economic performance. Economic reports are the means by which a country’s economic health is directly measured, but remember that many factors and policies will affect a nation’s economic performance.

What is Fundamental Analysis?

The forex market is the market par excellence when it comes to forex fundamental analysis. Since currencies are the basic building blocks of all economic activity, all the developments in all the various sectors of an economy have implications for currency market trends. Fundamental analysis aims to characterize money flows in to and out of a country. There are many economic indicators, and even more private reports, that can be used to evaluate forex fundamentals. It’s important to take the time to not only look at the numbers but also understand what they mean and how they affect a nation’s economy. When properly used, these indicators can be an invaluable resource for any currency trader.

In general, this website is not intended to solicit visitors to engage in trading activities. Leveraged margin trading and binary options entail a high risk of losing money rapidly. Indicators are statistics used to measure current conditions as well as to forecast trends. Other major indicators include the purchasing managers index , producer price index , durable goods report, employment cost index and housing starts. And don’t forget the many privately issued reports, the most famous of which is the Michigan Consumer Confidence Survey.

Inflation doesn’t just affect forex; bonds, commodities, stocks, and indices will all usually experience volatility from it. There are even instances when no specific report has been released, but the anticipation of such a report happening is another example of fundamentals. It is the study of what’s going on in the world and around us, economically and financially speaking, and it tends to focus on how macroeconomic elements affect whatever we’re trading. Along your travels, you’ve undoubtedly come across Gulliver, Frodo, and the topic of fundamental analysis.

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But in truth, it is used by traders in multiple different asset classes. In this course, we’re going to cover everything you need to know about fundamental analysis – one of the two main methods of researching opportunities, alongside technical analysis. Technical analysis seems to be the preferred methodology of short-term forex traders, with price action as their main focus. It can appear as a report released by the Fed on U.S. existing home sales. It can also exist in the possibility that the European Central Bank will change its monetary policy. All trading related information on the Dukascopy website is not intended to solicit residents of Belgium, Israel, Russian Federation, Canada (including Québec) and the UK.

These are interest rates, monetary policies, and market-moving economic reports. You will know who the Fed Chairman is and how retail sales data reflects the economy. An economic indicator refers to data, usually at the macroeconomic scale, that is used to gauge the health or growth trends of a nation’s economy, or of a specific industry sector. Often numbers are released and then revised, and things can change quickly.

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This results in the need to purchase that country’s currency to obtain those assets. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. This report shows a change in the production of factories, mines, and utilities within a nation. It also reports their «capacity utilization,» the degree to which each factory’s capacity is being used. It is ideal for a nation to see a production increase while being at its maximum or near-maximum capacity utilization. You may recognize some of these economic reports, such as the unemployment numbers, which are well-publicized.

Since currencies are always paired, their performance is determined relative to that of another currency. In other words, you have to look at different factors to determine whose economy is rockin’ like a BLACKPINK song, and whose economy sucks. Find the approximate amount of currency units to buy or sell so you can control your maximum risk per position. From basic trading terms to trading jargon, you can find the explanation for a long list of trading terms here. Department of Labor that counts people filing to receive unemployment insurance benefits. Economics is a branch of social science focused on the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

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All of these provide a valuable resource to traders if used properly. Central banks can be a cause of significant volatility across most asset classes. Their most important action is to raise or lower interest rates, which can have a big impact on currencies, stocks, indices, and more. Start by looking at the overall economy, before deciding which markets may be overvalued or undervalued. Then, take a look at the specific factors surrounding a handful of assets so you can take your position.

Pay attention to these revisions, as they may be a useful tool for seeing the trends and reacting more accurately to future reports. Inflation occurs when the purchasing power of a given currency decreases, and central banks usually have the job of keeping it in check . You’ll often hear fundamental analysis mentioned as a method of finding stocks to buy.

If the reader is only looking for a discussion of the various indicators and their application, he can simply skip this dialogue. Keep an economic calendar on hand that lists the indicators and when they are due to be released. Also, keep an eye on the future; often markets will move in anticipation of a certain indicator or report due to be released at a later time. The key indicator of economic growth is gross domestic product , which calculates the sum of goods and services produced within an economy.

Revisions to advanced reports of retail sales can cause significant volatility. The retail sales report can be compared to the sales activity of a publicly-traded company. This type of analysis has a lot of gray areas because fundamental information in the form of reports, economic data releases, or monetary policy change announcements is vaguer than actual technical indicators. Fundamental analysis involves studying economic trends and geopolitical events that might affect currency prices. Generally, economic indicators make up a large portion of data used in fundamental analysis. Like a fire alarm sounding when it detects smoke, economic indicators provide some insight into how well a country’s economy is doing.

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