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James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician, businessman, and philanthropist who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He is a Member of the Democratic Party and previously served as a senator from Georgia from 1963 to 1967, and served as Georgia's 76th Governor from 1971 to 1975. Since leaving the presidency, Carter has been involved in political and social projects as an ordinary citizen. In 2002, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in founding the Carter Center. raised in Plains, Georgia, Carter graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946 with a bachelor's degree in science and joined the U.S. Navy, where he served on submarines. After his father's death in 1953, Carter left his marine life and returned home to Georgia to take over the reins of his peanut-growing family. Carter inherited relatively little because of his father's debt relief and the division of the estate among children. However, his ambition to expand and grow the peanut business in Carter was fulfilled. During this period, Carter was motivated by opposition to the political climate of apartheid and support for the growing civil rights movement. He became active within the Democratic Party. From 1963 to 1967, Carter served in the Georgia State Senate, and in 1970, he was elected Governor of Georgia, defeating former Governor Carl Sanders in the Democratic primaries on the basis of an anti-apartheid program that advocated affirmative action for racial minorities. Carter remained governor until 1975. And despite being a candidate for the dark horses he did not He was known outside Georgia at the beginning of the campaign, but Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976. In the general election, Carter ran as an outsider and narrowly defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford.