What Is A Currency Pair

In addition to choosing how to trade forex, you can pick a different market for each currency pair. Most new traders will pick one or two major pairs to focus on, often starting out with euro-dollar (EUR/USD). This is the world’s most traded currency pair, and typically has the tightest spreads. All major currency pairs have very liquid markets that trade 24 hours a day, every business day.

Nevertheless, they are generally indicative of what you can expect. The exchange rate for this pair relies on interest rates set by the US Federal Reserve and the Bank of Japan. Other factors include the regularity of natural disasters in Japan. The linked exchange rate for this pair is reliant on interest rates set by the Bank of England and the US Federal Reserve.

Gbp Additional Information

The second currency, the US dollar in the above example, is known as the quote currency. Thomas Exchange can convert your foreign currency into GBP Sterling at fantastic rates and 0% commission. † 1 point spreads available on the UK 100, Germany 30, France 40 and Australia 200 during market hours on daily funded trades and CFDs . The role of politics in driving currency markets has only grown in recent years. Central banks buy and sell large amounts of their own currency, attempting to keep it within a certain level.

It also runs continuously for 24 hours a day, five days a week. The forex market is the most popular financial market, traded by individual retail traders, banks and businesses alike. Learn more about how you can take advantage offorex trading hours. If you just master three to four of the major currency pairs, you could be making a lot of money. Most of the action in the forex market belongs to these major pairs, as 90% of the currency transactions involve them. A wide spread between currencies indicates volatility, whereas a narrow spread means that there is a smaller difference between the bid and ask price.

How Currency Pairs Work

For more information on how forex trading works, look through our list offorex trading examples. Get the latest breaking news, market analysis and insight from our expert Analysts to help inform your trading decisions. Convert currencies with confidence — GBP to USD or vice versa — and distribute funds around the world with ease with a currency exchange solution from IFX Payments.

  • Access to real-time, reference, and non-real time data in the cloud to power your enterprise.
  • Decide if you want to buy or sell based on whether you think that the instrument’s price will rise or fall.
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  • In addition to providing you with the current rate, you can also see the intraday volatility of your chosen currency pairing, where the highest and lowest rates for the present day are shown.
  • Forex trading offers frequent trading opportunities, as currency prices are constantly fluctuating in value against each other.

Most firms trading these currencies are doing so because they have to. Imagine being a Hungarian construction firm needing to buy machinery from Japan (HUF/JPY). Political uncertainty, for instance, can make ‘safer’ markets such as the Swiss franc and US dollar more attractive. However, forex is also traded across Zurich, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Singapore and Paris.

Why Are These The Seven Major Pairs?

They have a lower level of liquidity than majors and there is generally less available data on these currencies. The exotics enable traders to take advantage of the economic situation of a country. Or, you might be the one who wants to short the currencies of countries you know are in deep trouble. Currently, you might be watching the tensions in the Arab world, and wanting to short the Egyptian Pound (EGP/USD) or the Libyan Dinar.

The Top 10 Forex Currency Pairs

Majors are generally the most popular type of currency pair to trade. They will always include the US dollar and are generally the most liquid; that is, they provide the trader with the greatest ability to trade that pair on the forex market. Their paring is significant and the trading volumes total to the trillions of dollars every day.

Forex Pair Categories

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Commodity currencies are those from countries that have large quantities of commodities or other natural resources. The exchange rate of the currencies of these countries are tied to their respective export activities. This is because the strength of the economy can be highly dependent on the prices of their natural resources. Examples of these countries include Russia, Saudi Arabia and Nigeria.