Trade Wright Medical
Jane Cook Wright (also known as "Jane Jones" or "Mrs. Jane Jones") (November 20, 1919 - February 19, 2013) was a cancer pioneer and referred to the surgeon and researcher for her contributions to chemotherapy. In particular, Wright is credited with developing a technique that uses human tissue culture rather than laboratory mice to test the effects of potential drugs on cancer cells. It is also a pioneer in the use of the drug methotrexate to treat breast cancer and skin cancer (fungal). Wright was born in Manhattan to Corinne Cook, a public school teacher, and Louis T. Wright, a graduate of Meharry Medical School and one of the first African-American graduates of Harvard Medical School. Her father, Louis Tompkins Wright, was from a medical family who was the son of Dr. Sia Kitcham Wright, a doctor who graduated from Pinke Medical School, and among the sons of William Fletcher Ben, the first African-American graduate of Yale Medical College. Wright's uncle, Harold Daford West, was also a doctor, eventually as president of Mehri Medical College. In becoming doctors, Jane Wright and her sister Barbara Wright Pierce are both following in the footsteps of their father and grandparents, overcoming both gender bias and race succeed in a largely white male career. Jane's family had a strong history of academic achievement in medicine. The first medical member of the Wright family was Dr. Seh Kitcham Wright. Seh was first born into slavery, and after the Civil War, he received his medical degree at Mehri Medical College. Jane's stepfather, Dr. William Fletcher Ben, was the first African-American to graduate from Yale Medical School. Finally, he was a father. Jane, Dr. Louis T. Wright, from whom she took her greatest inspiration, was among the first black students to receive a Doctorate from Harvard Medical School and the first African-American physician at a public hospital in New York City. During his 30 years at Harlem Hospital, he founded and ran the Harlem Cancer Research Foundation. After studying at Smith College, Jane received a full scholarship to study medicine at New York Medical College. She graduated as part of a three-year acceleration program at the top of her class in 1945 with an honor award. After graduating from medical school, Dr. Wright received internship at Belleview Hospital during 1945 and 1946. In 1947, she married David D. Jones, Jr., a lawyer in 1949, who completed her surgical residency at Harlem Hospital in 1948, where she was her father. As a child, Wright attended the Feldstone School of Ethical Culture, then the School of Ethical Culture and fieldston School, from which she graduated in 1938. She graduated with an arts degree from Smith College in 1942 and then a medical degree, and graduated with honors in 1945 from the New York School of Medicine.